Species: Capsicum Annuum
Heat Level: 30,000 to 50,000 SHU (Scoville heat units)
The pod of the cayenne pepper grows to as long as 10 inches in length and they are very hot. It is one of the night shade peppers.
History of the Cayenne Pepper: The Cayenne pepper originated in French Guiana. Its popularity grew in Portugal and from there it was transported to India and China where it grew very popular across those regions too. Its name derived from the city of Cayenne located in French Guiana.
Cayenne is used in a variety of spicy dishes, usually in powder form; but it can be used whole as well. It is sometimes used as a herbal supplement due to its health benefits.